Category: All Others

Can Zuckerberg Bring Down the Great Firewalls of China?


A modified version of an academic essay. . .

Can Zuckerberg Bring Down “the Great Firewalls” of China?

In this very competitive age, when the Internet rules and a handful of technologies are available to the most of us, operating globally—is never an impossible task—especially, for a  successful networking Website like Facebook (herein referred to as “FB”). However, for a communist country like China, those digital possibilities are still challenged by distance,  also by the robust culture embedded to the Chinese people and their “ways” of doing business–and as reflected by their nation’s economy, and as critically and politically imposed by their government. Although it’s truly challenging, multinational companies like FB should never give up innovating ways to penetrate the globe and maximize their potentials.

Currently, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are banned in China. Although there are local social networking Sites, those three including Google, are struggling to get in.

On a personal note, I am not a huge fan of FB, neither of its thirty-one-year-old founder, Mark Zuckerberg. But being away from my families and friends: I could not help using FB to stay in touch with them.  I am not completely into it, because of the many issues of privacy (as too much personal information is collected from us, users) and safety (against identity theft, predatory marketing and selling). Last, but not least, FB is over populated. In fact, according to the author of International Management, Helen Deresky,” . . .if Facebook is a country, it is the third largest nation (first is China; and, second is Russia).”

With the latter being said, and as an aspiring global manager: I understand why Zuckerberg seems relentless in his pursuit to “nail” his success as a Cyber mogul. Because I believe that his business agenda, is to ensure that every citizen of the Earth is truly connected globally, and that FB is accessible anywhere.

Is it bad, or too ambitious? Well, it depends to his critics’ opinions (and as influenced by their culture). But isn’t that’s the most rational business move for any multinational company; “. . .to approach global expansion; and to specifically address such approach,” (Randall 2015) by simply tailoring or customizing FB’s accessibility and overall presentation specifically suited for every nation and in accordance to culture and society?

In regards to tactics, one of Zuckerberg’s approaches is building relationships by making the site available in different languages. He also actively attends events, ceremonies and speaks before the Chinese audience.  Furthermore, he (through FB) has been closely monitoring quality of media shared by anyone in the Site, so as not to offend anybody. And I believe, he’s really doing it right.

Because in reality, we do not know the exact circumstances of any of those disagreements between nations. And many wars and conflicts, are culturally rooted by religion and language. Perhaps if we are able to speak in the same “succinct” and simple language of the World Wide Web; and, at the same time, we can comprehend beyond our fellows’ words, perhaps we have good potentials to be better communicators. For whether we admit or not, many of us are somehow CQ (cultural intelligence) impoverished and/or insensitive–because it’s really not that easy. In fact, I used to be one. Although I learned the hard ways, I am glad I am now enlightened. For corrective steps are doable, and all that is needed, is conviction manifested by a strong will.

Nevertheless, and going back to FB, to improve its chance to penetrate China, Zuckerberg and his business managers should engage to the Five-Steps of the Negotiation Process:

  1. Preparation
  2. Relationship Building
  3. Exchange of Task-Related Information
  4. Persuasion
  5. Concessions and Agreements

Moreover, FB should consider the issues that led to “Cultural Misunderstanding-The Danone-Wahaha Joint Venture in China Splits After Years,” of Legal Dispute,” (Deresky 2014). He should also pay attention to all cross-cultural negotiation variables (listed at page 156 of our textbook).

Indeed,  Zuckerberg is truly ambitious, but as one of his critics, I appreciate his fierce beginning. I wish I have his valiant guts. I think it’s very humbling (not just lucrative) to be able to connect the world–for the culture and the language that enabled us to thrive, are the very same reasons behind most of the misunderstandings among nations and races. And FB are addressing all these burdens by continuously innovating ways in bridging cultural gaps

Finally, according to an academic article, Zuckerberg started “FB when he was 19, but because of his extraordinary beginning, everyone tends to underrate the role he has gone on to play,” says Silicon Valley eminence Peter Thiel, who himself has had an outsize role in the tech revolution. ‘Keeping the company relentlessly focused on the long-term future, he is the opposite of a quarter-to-quarter Wall Street CEO, and that’s why he deserves to be recognized as a great leader.’ We couldn’t have said it better ourselves,” (Colvin). All he has to add (to what he’s already doing), is to thoroughly and continuously create cultural profiles of the United States and China (to make a comprehensive side-by-side comparison) and enhance the likelihood of his success in bringing down the “great” firewalls of the latter. In addition, he should really persevere because Microsoft succeeded in getting in. The multinational company of Bill Gates “won” the Chinese by just customizing Bing.
To end, let’s reflect on the role of culture in the blogosphere. As blogging is not different to any global businesses–for we are speaking here, dealing here, and interacting here with our blogging friends coming from different cultures. But amid all challenges, this is our great chance to live more meaningful lives (and I can’t stress that enough). As this Web, is enabling us to give our views, to share our passions, but just as we have to be welcoming and respectful of those of others. A win-win situation is never far-fetch for anyone who has the will and would dare do it. Most importantly, it’s not so hard to listen or read deeper beyond the person’s words. For isn’t it ideal that we responsibly assess first our surroundings (and be considerate of everyone) by using all of our senses, before we even speak of our interpretation (that could sound more of a bias judgment)? Although we may not be able to touch in this virtual world, we still can talk with and listen to one another with compassion.

Colvin, G., & Volcker, P. (2015). Intrepid Guides for a Messy World. Fortune, 171(5), 75-95.

Deresky, Helen. International Management, 8th Edition. 2015

International Business. T, (0004, June). Google, Facebook and YouTube Outshine Others in Web Globalization. International Business Times.

Randall, Linda. Discussion Question 2: Facebook in China. 2015

Social Nets Engage in Global Expansion, Struggle. (Hotlines) (Brief article). (2007). AdWeek 48(36), 4.



































The Lights at the Corners of Our Minds

Sabiniana Balagtas Baliba

George Garneau, Ph.D.

27 February 2013

English 200

The Lights at the Corners of Our Minds

Memory is life.” Pierre Nora

For the role of memory in our lives is so humongous, truly immeasurable, as most things we do are all memory based. From the time we get up in the morning, until we lay ourselves in bed at night, we do things depending on how we program ourselves. Thus, our survival largely depends on memory.

In fact, a neuroanatomical study states that without memory “we cannot learn from the past,” as it really gives us our identity and individuality, and is an elementary part of our consciousness” (Garcia-Lazaro et al).

My personal attestation to this: Sometime this semester, I faced academic challenges. I nearly lost my sense of individuality, and not to mention, self-esteem. However, when we start memorizing dialogues written by William Shakespeare, and I knew I memorized them well (as I think I delivered them decently too), things changed. My ability to memorize those lines helped me regain my sense of individuality and self-esteem.

Another benefit of having a good memory, it can also bring us to greater heights. How can I miss that benefit? When up to now, I still remember the amazing story of a sixty-six-year-old man, named Herminigildo Bardolasa. His memorization of six sets of alien card numbers, six sets of alpha-numeric passport numbers, six birthdays and six dates of migration to the United States of his entire household, along with all other important dates in his life, led him to the fulfillment of his life-long dream of American citizenship. (Roig)

I met and interviewed Bardolasa on May 31, 2008, during the Citizenship Fair at Honolulu Community College. I was one of the volunteer paralegals for Na Loio (now Honolulu Immigrant Justice Center, of the Legal Aid Society of Hawaii) and the office of the then Rep. Neil Abercrombie. Paired with a well-known Honolulu immigration attorney, Gary Singh, I assisted Bardolasa filling up his application form for naturalization. Singh and I were so impressed by Bardolasa’s keen memory, as he answered all our questions so spontaneously. We were entertained too with how Bardolasa recounted those dates, as if he were saying a litany that we ended up chuckling, which caught the reporters’ attention that led us being featured in the Honolulu Advertiser the following morning—thanks to Bardolasa’s exceptional memory! (Roig)

126428440_HowtoDevelopaGoodMemory In the professional world, many jobs these days require a great deal of memorization. For example, in medical science, doctors and nurses have to undergo “battery” memorization to diagnose and treat medical conditions. According to one of my cousin, who is a registered nurse, at school, when they have an exam, it is critical that they memorize medical terms. If there are computations involve, they must memorize the rules how to compute solutions, and they would surely get the answers. Likewise, in law, students could only answer essay questions if they memorize legal terms, citations, rules, and procedures. If they do not memorize, they would surely flunk and not graduate. Because the way they should reason out in most essay questions must always be supported by citations, rules, and procedures. Truly, most legal skills require “heavy” memorization too.

In the very in-demand field of information and technology, professionals and students must memorize coding and encryption to program and operate computers, softwares, and hardwares. For even these modern days, the computers still need us, humans, but only those who have good memory to operate them appropriately. Moreover, the built-in memory we have in our system can’t be compared to computer memory, for even without a memory chip neither, any programming (be technical or mechanical), we can memorize and remember things through our basic senses alone.

In arts, one actress even directly links her talent with her good memory: Marilu Henner, known for her role in the 1980 TV series Taxi, claimed the invaluable role of memory in her professional life. Henner gave credit to her memorization ability that could easily invoke emotions in her that she could effortlessly cry or laugh as required in the roles she portrayed. (Sukel)

Even in politics, there is a “screaming” notion that politicians are more convincing and believable, when they talk and give speeches without reading. Moreover, they must remember names of their volunteers, campaign leaders, and benefactors, or it could cause them serious consequences that could jeopardize their political future.

In rhetoric, it is quite tough for one to persuade either orally or written without a solid knowledge and memorization of (basic concept) any subject matter. The best example to this, is the “oops” moment of Republican presidential candidate, Texas Governor Rick Perry. During the GOP’s presidential debate, on November 9, 2011, where he lost the race and a chance to represent the GOP over former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, due to an embarrassing memory lapse.6a00d8341bf7f753ef014e8701e793970d-800wi

For regardless, if it was a memory lapse or a lucid interval (as some critics labeled it), it was very embarrassing for a political candidate to be on a debate, arguing for people’s votes and he missed his lines completely and struggled so hard to regain his memory in front of the crowd and his opponents. My mother even said, “Perry didn’t do his assignment! He didn’t memorize!”

In most offices, regardless of what types of business, from filing of documents and all other administrative work, even in matters of ethics, a good memory is required. For without memory, organization is simply impossible.

In accounting, which is my major, we ought to remember the T rule or the debit-credit rule to handle and ensure the sanctity of a company’s general ledger. In addition, we have to memorize the nature of every account (if it is an asset or a liability, or a revenue or an expense), or else, we might end up paying an account receivable and collect from accounts payable. Even in payroll, we have to remember every employee’s pay rate and terms (payday); otherwise, the company could get in trouble with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Even in our day-to-day task, for example in driving, as commute and transportation are important routines of our lives. Driving requires a great deal of memorization as well. For no one could secure a license without memorizing some traffic laws, traffic signs, and all rules of the road.

Finally, “memory is indeed life,” for we are surviving in this world through the invaluable help of our built-in memory. From the time we rise in the morning, until we retire at night, we do almost everything based from our memory. We even identify things and people based from our recollection. In fact, we cannot even identify ourselves without it. Moreover, in most fields or professions, good memory is even required. Therefore, it is not even a question of intelligence anymore. Rather, it is survival. Because losing memory, is worst than losing an arm, or a foot. For when we lose memory, we lose our minds, and losing mind signals losing life. For when we start losing memory, our system is signaling our health is deteriorating. For memory loss could be an indication of a life-threatening conditions like Alzheimer’s or dementia. Indeed, memories—the lights at the corners of our minds—are invaluable! Indeed, “memory is life” (Nora)!

Work Cited

Allen, Frederick E. “Perry’s Epic Fail: Much Worse Than Just ‘Oops!’.” Forbes.Com (2011):17. Business Source Premier. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.

Frank Rösler, et al. “Memory-Based Decision-Making with Heuristics: Evidence For AControlled Activation of Memory Representations.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience23.11 (2011): 3540-3554. Academic Search Premier. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.

Garcia-Lazaro, Haydee G., et al. “Neuroanatomy Of Episodic And Semantic Memory InHumans: A Brief Review of Neuroimaging Studies.” Neurology India 60.6 (2012): 613-617. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.

Lilian Milnitsky Stein, et al. “Passwords Usage and Human Memory Limitations: A SurveyAcross Age And Educational Background.” Plos ONE 7.12 (2012): 1-7. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Feb. 2013

Nora, Pierre. “Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Memoire.” Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara. University of California, Santa Barbara. 1989. PDF file. Web. 27 Feb. 2013

Roig, Suzanne. “Immigrants Find Guidance Path to Citizenship.” Honolulu Advertiser.Honolulu Advertiser, 1 June 2008. Web. 26 Feb. 2013

Sukel, Kayt. “The Amazing Memory Marvels. (Cover Story).” New Scientist 215.2878(2012): 34-37. Academic Search Premier. Web. 26 Feb. 2013

Tai, Hue-Tam Ho. “Remember Realms: Pierre Nora And French National Memory.” American Historical Review 106.3 (2001): 906-922. Academic Search Premier.Web. 27 Feb. 2013.